ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)

ADHD - what is it and how do you treat it?

Concentration problems, an unruly urge to move and impulsive behavior are considered to be the main symptoms of ADHD. According to experts, around five percent of three to seventeen-year-olds in Germany are affected by attention deficit and / or hyperactivity disorder. Sometimes ADHD accompanies those affected even into adulthood.

in most cases, ADHD manifests with entry into kindergarten or elementary school. Special tests provide information about whether a child suffers from it.  

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In adults, ADHD often remains unrecognized

The attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, in short ADHD , affects mainly children and young people, but adults can suffer. In most cases, the symptoms in a particular disorder appear when entering kindergarten or elementary school.
Classic symptoms such as aggressive behavior , attention deficit and hyperactivity often lead to the child increasingly playing the role of an outsider. Likewise, the parents of children with ADHD, who are under constant pressure to do everything right, often reach the limits of their capacity.

ADHD is not caused by parenting mistakes

ADHD is a disease that was basically mentioned as early as the 19th century - just think of the figure of the "Zappelphilipp" from the well-known children's book "The Struwwelpeter". But in recent years, ADHD is on the rise. According to experts, almost five percent of ADHD aged between three and seventeen in Germany.
A hyperactivity disorder is not a consequence of an "educational error" - rather a disturbance in the brain metabolism seems to play a central, causative role. As a trigger for ADHD , experts cite genetic factors in particular. But also psychosocial influences play a role: The fast pace of our time, sensory overload by TV, Internet or PC games as well as family problems can certainly contribute to an intensification of the symptoms.

ADHD: Diagnosis by tests at the specialist

Your child is fidgety, can not stand homework and wants to be always on the move? That does not mean that it suffers from ADHD. After all, some children are more active or "hibbeliger" than others. The premature conjecture "my child has ADHD" is therefore often out of place.
It is all the more important to know the typical symptoms of ADHD and to react early if they discover them in your child. The most important signs include:
  • Deficits in concentration or increased inattention
  • Need to be constantly on the move; physical restlessness
  • impulsive, sometimes aggressive behavior.

 

The difference between ADD and ADHD

Attention Deficit Disorder can also occur without outward hyperactivity . Then one speaks of ADS. ADHD children are very noticeable in their behavior, are often seen as very tiring or even aggressive.
Children affected by ADD, on the other hand, tend to be quiet, barely disturbing the classroom, but are still not in the thing, but rather seem lost in their dreams and thoughts. They, too, have problems concentrating. Therefore, attention deficit disorder should be treated without hyperactivity.

Why the diagnosis of ADHD is so important

If you have the suspicion that your child has the AD (H) S, it is important to see an expert - usually the treating pediatrician or a child and adolescent psychologist. Only this can make a clear diagnosis based on a comprehensive examination and a set of questions and, if necessary, initiate an individually appropriate therapy.
This is important, because if a hyperactivity disorder is not treated, the person concerned sometimes risks slipping into social exclusion. Accompanying disorders, such as depression or anxiety disordersare not a rare side effect. They often often go undetected in  ADHD in adults . According to scientists, the increased propensity to use drugs may also be the result of an inadequately treated ADHD disorder.

Treat hyperactivity disorder - avoiding negative consequences

As a rule, ADHD therapy is based on a multimodal treatment concept . These include psychotherapeutic measures , professional behavioral training on the part of the parents or adult patients and suitable medications , in particular the active substance methylphenidate (for example in Medikinet or Ritalin),
Clarify with the attending physician what the individually appropriate therapy may look like. And most importantly, if your child is affected: Talk to the little patient himself about the building blocks of his ADHD therapy. The treatment of the disorder always means to balance the pros and cons of the various components available, and to make a joint decision.

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